There are two types of dental x-rays; intraoral and extraoral.
Intraoral (meaning 'inside the mouth') are probably what you think of when hearing the term dental x-ray. A film is placed inside the mouth in order to take the radiograph. There are three types of intraoral x-ray.
Bite wing x-rays show the upper and lower teeth, in the posterior areas of the mouth, looking at the areas above the bone from the top to the supporting bone. They are used to detect decay between the teeth, any ledges or leakage under fillings and crowns in these areas and to identify the bone levels between the teeth.
Periapical x-ray show the whole tooth including the crown, the root within the bone and the supporting structures.
Occlusal x-rays show the roof or floor of the mouth, a large part of the dental arch. They are used to identify teeth that may be buried. These x-rays are used less since the availability of low dose CBCT 3D images (more on this below).
You may think that if a dentist tells you that you need to have an x-ray, that it will be taken inside your mouth. However, as part of your treatment or diagnosis of what treatment is suitable for you, you may need extraoral x-rays. These are x-rays that are taken outside of the mouth. Here, we explain more about these and what we use them for.
Extraoral x-rays detect dental problems in the jaw and skull.
They are also used for orthodontics, endodontics / root canals, and other oral surgeries.
And they can also be used for implant patients as the dentist can use the cross-sectional template to visualize slice-by-slice distances for the most precise measurements during implant planning.
Clinic 95 use the Carestream 3D Extraoral imaging machine to take the following types of Extraoral digital images:
This stands for cone beam computed technology. It is a medical imaging technique consisting of x-ray computed tomography where the x-rays are divergent, forming a cone.
Combining focused-field 3D technology with dedicated panoramic imaging, it offers the highest resolution images and the lowest radiation dose.
The types of radiograph image that it can produce are
Because this system is available in-house here at Clinic 95, no referrals elsewhere need to be made, saving you time.
The in-house system produces focused field of view and limits radiation to a specific region of interest, so you are exposed to the lowest possible radiation dose. For example, for a full jaw this equates to background radiation equivalent to that received on a return flight to New York.
modern techniques and equipment, risks are kept to a minimum. However,
the dentist will always take care to use x-rays only when they need to.
X-rays are usually recommended every 6 to 24 months depending on you, your history of tooth decay, age and the current condition of your mouth.
New patients will be asked when their last dental radiograph was taken to avoid unnecessary duplication and re-exposure.
is important that you let the dentist know if you are pregnant. If you
need a dental x-ray the dentist will usually wait until you have had the
baby, even though most dental x-rays don't affect the abdomen or pelvic
area. The dentist will assess whether the treatment can wait until
you've had your baby. For example, they'll assess whether the benefits
of treatment outweigh the risks of having an x-ray.
X-rays during pregnancy carry a very small risk of exposing the unborn baby to radiation, which could cause cancer to develop during his or her childhood. The natural risk of childhood cancer is around 1 in 500.
If you are in any doubt about whether an x-ray is suitable for you, please don't hesitate to contact us for a chat.
Panoramic x-rays (aka OPG): £48
Cephalometric projections showing an entire side of the head: £48
Cone Beam CT: from £100